Physio-Chemical and Mineralogical Characteristics of Gas Hydrate-Bearing Sediments of the Kerala-Konkan, Krishna-Godavari, and Mahanadi Basins

Anupama Kumari , Chandrajit Balomajumder, Amit Arora , Gaurav Dixit, Sina Rezaei Gomari

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Abstract

The characteristics of the hydrate-bearing sediments affect the formation and dissociation of gas hydrate in sediments. The mineral composition, their dispersion, and chemical composition of hydrate-bearing sediment samples plays a dominant role in the hydrate stability condition and its economic development. In this paper, the physical properties of hydrate-bearing sediment of
India are compared with each other. The sediment samples are taken from the Krishan-Godavari basin (Depth—127.5 and 203.2 mbsf), Mahanadi basin (Depth—217.4 mbsf), and Kerala-Konkan basin (Depth—217.4 mbsf). The saturation of the gas hydrate observed at these sites is between 3 and 50%. Particle size is an important parameter of the sediments because it provides information on
the transportation and deposition of sediment and the deposition history. In the present study, we investigated the mineralogy of hydrate-bearing sediments by chemical analysis and X-ray Diffraction. XRD, FTIR, and Raman Spectroscopy distinguished the mineralogical behavior of sediments. Quartz
is the main mineral (66.8% approx.) observed in the gas hydrate-bearing sediments. The specific surface area was higher for the sediment sample from the Mahanadi basin, representing the sediments’ dissipation degree. This characterization will give important information for the possible recovery of gas from Indian hydrate reservoirs by controlling the behavior of host sediment. SEM analysis shows the morphology of the sediments, which can affect the mechanical properties of the hydrate-bearing sediments. These properties can become the main parameters to consider for the design of suitable and economic dissociation techniques for gas hydrates formed in sediments.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages21
JournalJournal of Marine Science and Engineering
Volume9
Issue number808
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 27 Jul 2021

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