Presence within a mixed reality environment

Paul Van Schaik, Triece Turnbull, Anna Van Wersch, Sarah Drummond

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)


Mixed reality environments represent a new approach to creating technology-mediated experiences. However, there is a lack of empirical research investigating users' actual experience. The aim of the current exploratory, non-experimental study was to establish levels of and identify factors associated with presence, within the framework of Schubert et al.'s model of presence. Using questionnaire and interview methods, the experience of the final performance of the Desert Rain mixed reality environment was investigated. Levels of general and spatial presence were relatively high, but levels of involvement and realness were not. Overall, intrinsic motivation, confidence and intention to re-visit Desert Rain were high. However, age was negatively associated with both spatial presence and confidence to play. Furthermore, various problems in navigating the environment were identified. Results are discussed in terms of Schubert's model and other theoretical perspectives. Implications for system design are presented.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)540-552
Number of pages13
JournalCyberpsychology and Behavior
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2004


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