Probation in America: armed, private and unaffordable?

Michael Teague

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    While America is renowned for its enormous prison industrial complex,less academic attention has been paid to the state of probation intervention. The probation population has long been rising more swiftly than the prison population, and one in 45 adults in the USA is now subject to community supervision. This article explores the development of American probation and considers a series of key contextual issues, including the fragmented nature of the US probation system and the philosophies which underpin it, supervision fees, privatization, and the arming of probation officers, in order to illuminate how the community corrections system functions. The Justice Reinvestment initiative is also considered, and the impact of budgetary pressures upon probation is taken into account.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)317-322
    JournalProbation Journal
    Issue number4
    Publication statusPublished - 2011


    Dive into the research topics of 'Probation in America: armed, private and unaffordable?'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this