Profile and determinants of intention to migrate by early career doctors in Nigeria: A report from CHARTING study

Makinde Adebayo Adeniyi, Oluwafemi Efuntoye, Gbenga Popoola, Oladimeji Adebayo, Oladeji Ekundayo, Morohunmubo Ibiyo, Martin C. Igbokwe, Oluwaseyi Ogunsuji, Francis Fagbule, Onuwabuchi Egwu, Kehinde Kanmodi, Ayanfe Omololu, Olufunmilayo Y. Soneye, Wasinda Francis Umar, Ibiyemi Oduyemi, Kelvin I. Egbuchulem, Abimbola Amoo, Aliyu Sokomba, Selekeowei Peter Kespi Kpuduwei, Olusegun Olaopa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Introduction: Recently, there has been an upsurge in the migration of medical personnel, especially early career doctors (ECDs) from low- and middle-income countries, Nigeria inclusive, to high-income countries with wide-ranging consequences on the social and economic systems of the donor countries. This study assessed the profile and determinants of intention to emigrate by ECDs in Nigeria. Methods: A cross-sectional study conducted among Nigerian ECDs from nine tertiary hospitals. Socio-demographic characteristics, intention & reasons to emigrate and willingness to return were collected using a self-administered semi-structured questionnaire. Data were analysed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 23. Results: A total number of 763 ECDs participated in the study. The majority (88.2%) were less than 40 years of age and the male to female ratio was 2:1. Majority of the participants (69.4%) received monthly income ≤833 US Dollar. About two-thirds of ECDs had plans to emigrate and most to developed countries. Common reasons for intention to migrate were better quality of postgraduate training, improved quality of life and better remuneration. Conclusion: High proportion of Nigerian ECDs has intention to emigrate out with potential adverse effect on the fragile health system in the country.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1512-1525
Number of pages14
JournalInternational Journal of Health Planning and Management
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 15 May 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
We acknowledge the efforts of Miss Tobi Akande, Miss Adufe Iyanu and Miss Bunmi Ogunbode for the data entry and general clerical support toward data acquisition. Nigerian Association of Resident Doctors (NARD) funded the study design and data acquisition processes.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.


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