VOx/SBA-15 catalysts with five different vanadium loadings were prepared by a modified wet impregnation method, characterized using N2adsorption, XRD, EDX, SEM, Raman and UV–vis spectroscopies and H2-TPR techniques, and tested in the oxidative dehydrogenation of propane in the temperature range 450–600 °C. For all the catalysts the propane conversion increases with both reaction temperature and vanadium loading, while the selectivity for propene decreases mainly to the benefit of carbon oxides. Several types of VOxspecies coexist on the catalyst surface, with monomeric and low-polymerized ones leading mainly to propene, while V2O5crystallites at high vanadium loadings producing more carbon oxides. Propene was determined to be the only primary product irrespective of the vanadium content.
Mitran, G., Ahmed, R., Iro, E., Hajimirzaee, S., Hodgson, S., Urdă, A., Olea, M., & Marcu, I-C. (2018). Propane oxidative dehydrogenation over VOx/SBA-15 catalysts. Catalysis Today, 306, 260-267. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cattod.2016.12.014