Psychological stress, anxiety, depression, job satisfaction, and personality characteristics in preregistration house officers

D. Newbury-Birch, F. Kamali

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

81 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Work related stress and anxiety may have a profound effect on an individual's well-being. In the case of doctors this may also affect patient care. This study measured stress, anxiety, and job satisfaction and the influence of personality factors on these in a group of preregistration house officers in the north east of England. A total of 109 preregistration house officers anonymously completed a lifestyles questionnaire designed to measure self rated psychological stress, state anxiety, job satisfaction, and personality characteristics. Results showed that 37.5% of women and 24% of men preregistration house officers suffered from possible psychological stress. Altogether 38.9% of women and 5.4% of men were suffering from possible anxiety and 8.3% of women and 2.7% of men were suffering from possible depression. The mean (SD) job satisfaction scores were 83.8(17.4) (range 52-127; median 86.5) for men and 80.5(16.7) (range 41-114; median 81) for women. Altogether 30.6% of men and 41.7% of women reported to be dissatisfied with the organisational processes in their job. There were significant negative correlations between stress and job satisfaction scores (r = -0.508; p<0.0001) and between anxiety and job satisfaction scores (r = -0.421; p<0.0001), and significant positive associations between anxiety and stress scores (r = 0.593; p<0.0001). Stress, anxiety, and depression scores were significantly cor-related with neuroticism scores in both men and women. The personality characteristic of neuroticism was a predisposing factor for stress and anxiety in the junior doctors which may be taken into consideration when offering support and counselling.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)109-111
Number of pages3
JournalPostgraduate Medical Journal
Volume77
Issue number904
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 17 Feb 2001

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Job Satisfaction
Psychological Stress
Personality
Anxiety
Depression
Causality
England
Life Style
Counseling
Patient Care

Cite this

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abstract = "Work related stress and anxiety may have a profound effect on an individual's well-being. In the case of doctors this may also affect patient care. This study measured stress, anxiety, and job satisfaction and the influence of personality factors on these in a group of preregistration house officers in the north east of England. A total of 109 preregistration house officers anonymously completed a lifestyles questionnaire designed to measure self rated psychological stress, state anxiety, job satisfaction, and personality characteristics. Results showed that 37.5{\%} of women and 24{\%} of men preregistration house officers suffered from possible psychological stress. Altogether 38.9{\%} of women and 5.4{\%} of men were suffering from possible anxiety and 8.3{\%} of women and 2.7{\%} of men were suffering from possible depression. The mean (SD) job satisfaction scores were 83.8(17.4) (range 52-127; median 86.5) for men and 80.5(16.7) (range 41-114; median 81) for women. Altogether 30.6{\%} of men and 41.7{\%} of women reported to be dissatisfied with the organisational processes in their job. There were significant negative correlations between stress and job satisfaction scores (r = -0.508; p<0.0001) and between anxiety and job satisfaction scores (r = -0.421; p<0.0001), and significant positive associations between anxiety and stress scores (r = 0.593; p<0.0001). Stress, anxiety, and depression scores were significantly cor-related with neuroticism scores in both men and women. The personality characteristic of neuroticism was a predisposing factor for stress and anxiety in the junior doctors which may be taken into consideration when offering support and counselling.",
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Psychological stress, anxiety, depression, job satisfaction, and personality characteristics in preregistration house officers. / Newbury-Birch, D.; Kamali, F.

In: Postgraduate Medical Journal, Vol. 77, No. 904, 17.02.2001, p. 109-111.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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