Quality of life of dental patients treated with laser surgery: A scoping review

Dhanushka Leuke Bandara, Kehinde k. Kanmodi, Afeez A. Salami, Jimoh Amzat, Ruwan D. Jayasinghe

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Abstract

Background and Aims
The use of lasers has been increasing in various surgical procedures. Its specific characteristics have conquered the scalpel used to a major extent in certain surgical procedures. This scoping review aimed to assess the empirical evidence that exists on the quality of life (QoL) of dental patients treated with laser surgery.

Methods
This scoping review was conducted in accordance with the Arksey and O'Malley's guidelines for scoping reviews. Four electronic databases (PubMed, SCOPUS, CINAHL Complete, and APA PsycInfo) were systematically searched through a stepwise approach, informed by the PEO (Population [P], Exposure [E], and Outcome [O]) framework, to retrieve literatures relevant to the review question. After a two-staged and Rayyan-aided screening process, only those literatures meeting the inclusion criteria were included into the review. From the included literatures, data were extracted, collated, summarized, and presented.

Results
The literature search retrieved 246 articles, of which only 10 articles were selected according to the inclusion criteria. Five of the studies were from the United Kingdom and three were from Italy. Study designs were either cohort (60%) or randomized controlled trials (40%). A vast variation was observed in the study populations. The used QoL instruments were mostly disease/condition-specific and oral cancer was the most reported disease in the included articles. The patients who underwent laser surgery had better QoL on the 7th day postoperatively, although it was not significant in later days.

Conclusion
Depending on the indication, Laser is a safe surgical approach that could enhance the clinical outcome as well as the QoL of dental patients. Laser effects were more significant in the domain of postoperative pain. Due to the limited number of studies evaluated in this review, further longitudinal studies are needed to corroborate the findings of this review.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere1368
Number of pages12
JournalHealth Science Reports
Volume6
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 21 Jun 2023

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