Quantifying the role of homophily in human cooperation using multiplex evolutionary game theory

Alessandro Di Stefano, Marialisa Scatà, Aurelio La Corte, Pietro Liò, Emanuele Catania, Ermanno Guardo, Salvatore Pagano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)


Nature shows as human beings live and grow inside social structures. This assumption allows us to explain and explore how it may shape most of our behaviours and choices, and why we are not just blindly driven by instincts: our decisions are based on more complex cognitive reasons, based on our connectedness on different spaces. Thus, human cooperation emerges from this complex nature of social network. Our paper, focusing on the evolutionary dynamics, is intended to explore how and why it happens, and what kind of impact is caused by homophily among people. We investigate the evolution of human cooperation using evolutionary game theory on multiplex. Multiplexity, as an extra dimension of analysis, allows us to unveil the hidden dynamics and observe non-trivial patterns within a population across network layers. More importantly, we find a striking role of homophily, as the higher the homophily between individuals, the quicker is the convergence towards cooperation in the social dilemma. The simulation results, conducted both macroscopically and microscopically across the network layers in the multiplex, show quantitatively the role of homophily in human cooperation.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0140646
JournalPLoS ONE
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 23 Oct 2015


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