Relationship between STOP-Bang score and blood pressure parameters among young people

Oladimeji Adebayo, Sebastine Oiwoh, Kehinde Kanmodi, Morohumubo Ibiyo, Joshua Agbogidi, Adedayo Williams, Akinjopo Samuel, Oluwaseyi Ogunsuji, Oluwaseyi Ojo, Isioma Mukoru, Luqman Ogunjimi, Oluwafemi Oyabambi

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Abstract

Introduction: Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is an independent risk factor
for hypertension and its prevalence is estimated to be between 4 and 7% in
the general population. The STOP-bang questionnaire is a validated tool for
evaluating OSA. We sought to determine the relationship between the STOP-Bang questionnaire score and office blood pressure parameters among ThE profile of
anthRopometRy And psyChosocial issuEs on campus (TERRACE) study participants who are young participants.
Methods: A total of 354 participants who completed the STOP-bang questionnaire were included and analysed. The analysis was done using SPSS
version 23. The linear relationships between the STOP-bang score and office
blood pressure parameters such as systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood
pressure (DBP), pulse pressure (PP), and mean arterial blood pressure (MAP)
were evaluated. We evaluated all relationships between the variables by
computing partial correlations separately with each covariate, thereafter
correcting for significant ones together. Analysis was done using SPSS version
23. A p-value Results: The mean age± SD was 21.2±3.5 years and 232(65.5%) were females.
The mean± SD of neck circumference, BMI, and STOP-Bang score was 33.0±2.3cm, 21.0±3.7kg/m , and 1.1±0.91 respectively. There was a positive
correlation of the STOP-bang score with PP (p-value =correlation with DBP (p-value =0.029). The correlations between potential
confounders and response variables without adjustment showed age, and BMI
were positively associated with both DBP and PP. When relationship was
adjusted for the covariates, only PP was positively associated with the STOPbang score [95% CI: 0.21(0.10; -0.32), p-value < 0.0001].
Discussion/Conclusion/Recommendations: The PP has positive relationship
with OSA severity among young people and this relation is influenced by age and
BMI. There is need to determine PP during evaluation of young people at risk for
OSA.
Original languageEnglish
Pages57
Number of pages59
Publication statusPublished - 31 Oct 2020
Event46th Annual General & Scientific Meeting, 31st October – 2nd November, 2022, Accra, Ghana - Ghana, Accra, Ghana
Duration: 31 Oct 20222 Nov 2022
https://wacpcoam.org/2022/04/12/46th-annual-general-scientific-meeting/

Conference

Conference46th Annual General & Scientific Meeting, 31st October – 2nd November, 2022, Accra, Ghana
Country/TerritoryGhana
CityAccra
Period31/10/222/11/22
Internet address

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