Review of studies on risk factors in critical infrastructure projects from 2011 to 2023

M.K.S. Al-Mhdawi, Alan O'connor, Abroon Qazi, Farzad Rahimian, Nicholas Dacre

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This research aims to systematically review studies on significant risks for Critical Infrastructure Projects (CIPs) from selected top-tier academic journals from 2011 to 2023.

In this research, a three-step systematic literature review methodology was employed to analyse 55 selected articles on Critical Infrastructure Risks (CIRs) from well-regarded and relevant academic journals published from 2011 to 2023.

The findings highlight a growing research focus on CIRs from 2011 to 2023. A total of 128 risks were identified and grouped into ten distinct categories: construction, cultural, environmental, financial, legal, management, market, political, safety and technical risks. In addition, literature reviews combined with questionnaire surveys were more frequently used to identify CIRs than any other method. Moreover, oil and gas projects were the subjects most often explored in the reviewed papers. Furthermore, it was observed that publications from Iran, the USA and China dominated CIRs research, making significant contributions, accounting for 49.65% of the analysed articles.
Original languageEnglish
JournalSmart and Sustainable Built Environment
Publication statusPublished - 16 Feb 2024


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