Sex differences are not attenuated by a sex-invariant measure of fear: The situated fear questionnaire

Anne C. Campbell, Claire Coombes, Raluca David, Adrian Opre, Lois Grayson, Steven Muncer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

357 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Widely-used fear questionnaires may exaggerate sex differences because they do not ensure sex
invariance of items and conflate anxiety with fear. Beginning with 50 descriptions of fear-eliciting
situations, we used Rasch analysis to identify sex-invariant items and Mokken analysis to establish
unidimensional scalability. The resulting 27-item Situated Fear Questionnaire (SFQ) correlated highly
with the widely-used Fear Survey Schedule, while demonstrating better discrimination between
anxiety and fear. Sex differences in three samples were all in excess of d = 1.00 and were not
explained by gender role adherence or anxiety levels. The hedonic tone associated with fear
situations (ranging from distressing/alarming to thrilling/exhilarating) was rated as more positive by
men and this was only partially explained by their lower reported fear.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)210-219
JournalPersonality and Individual Differences
Volume97
Early online date31 Mar 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 31 Mar 2016

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Sex differences are not attenuated by a sex-invariant measure of fear: The situated fear questionnaire'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this