Sustainable performance of a modular building system made of built-up cold-formed steel beams

Kajaharan Thirunavukkarasu, Elilarasi Kanthasamy, Perampalam Gatheeshgar, Keerthan Poologanathan, Heshachanaa Rajanayagam, Thadshajini Suntharalingam, Madhushan Dissanayake

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)
37 Downloads (Pure)


Modular Building Systems (MBS) offer numerous benefits in terms of productivity, sus-tainability and safety. Therefore, MBSs are considered as a viable option to sort out the housing crisis in Britain as well as to drive Britain towards sustainable construction. Development in mate-rials, manufacturing techniques, connection types and structural designs with respect to offsite construction is essential to achieve sustainable goals. Recent advancements in steel manufacturing, in-cluding Cold-Formed Steel (CFS), have showed potential benefits in structural performance com-pared to concrete and timber. Meanwhile, research was conducted to enhance the structural capacities of CFS sections by introducing different cross-sections, composite sections and techniques in-cluding optimization. Built-up sections were developed by connecting more than one channel sec-tion, and various research studies were conducted to assess their structural performances. However, sustainable performance of built-up sections in modular constructions is still unknown. Hence, this paper intends to develop an MBS using built-up sections for better sustainable performance. Liter-ature review was carried out on the sustainability benefits of MBSs in terms of economic, environmental and social aspects. In addition to that, numerical analysis was performed to investigate the flexural capacity of built-up sections with different screw arrangements to address the sustainable aspects of modular construction by introducing novel sections. The numerical description, results and validations are also stated. Numerical results revealed that flexural capacities of built-up sections are improved up to 156% than those of single sections. Finally, the utilization of built-up sections in modular construction with sustainability enhancement is addressed and illustrated in a conceptual diagram.

Original languageEnglish
Article number460
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 8 Oct 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The study was conducted with the support provided by the Northumbria University, The Home Engineers and European research council.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.


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