Pursuing the strategy of developing potent AChE inhibitors, we attempted to carry out the N1-substitution of 2,3-dihydroquinazolin-4(1H)-one core. A set of 32 N-alkylated/benzylated quinazoline derivatives were synthesized, characterized and evaluated for their inhibition against cholinesterases. N-alkylation of the series of the compounds reported previously (N-unsubstituted) resulted in improved activity. All the compounds showed inhibition of both enzymes in the micromolar to submicromolar range. Structure activity relationship (SAR) of the 32 derivatives showed that N-benzylated compounds possess good activity than N-alkylated compounds. N-benzylated compounds 2ad and 2af were found very active with their IC50 values toward AChE in submicromolar range (0.8 µM and 0.6 µM respectively). Binding modes of the synthesized compounds were explored by using GOLD (Genetic Optimization for Ligand Docking) suit v5.4.1. Computational predictions of ADMET studies reveal that all the compounds have good pharmacokinetic properties with no AMES toxicity and carcinogenicity. Moreover, all the compounds are predicted to be absorbed in human intestine and also have the ability to cross blood brain barrier. Overall, the synthesized compounds have established a structural foundation for the design of new inhibitors of cholinesterase.
Sultana, N., Sarfraz, M., Tanoli, S. T., Akram, M. S., Sadiq, A., Rashid, U., & Tariq, M. I. M. I. (2017). Synthesis, crystal structure determination, biological screening and docking studies of N 1 -substituted derivatives of 2,3-dihydroquinazolin-4(1 H )-one as inhibitors of cholinesterases. Bioorganic Chemistry, 72, 256-267. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bioorg.2017.04.009, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bioorg.2017.04.009