Rot1 is an essential yeast protein that has been related to cell wall biosynthesis, actin cytoskeleton dynamics and protein folding. Rot1 is an N-glycosylated protein anchored to the nuclear envelope–endoplasmic reticulum (ER) membrane by a transmembrane domain at its C-terminal end. Rot1 is translocated to the ER by a post-translational mechanism. Here, we investigate the protein domain required to target and translocate Rot1 to the ER membrane. We found that several deletions of the N-terminal region of Rot1 prevented neither membrane targeting nor the insertion of this protein. Interestingly, we obtained the same results when different truncated forms in the C-terminal transmembrane domain were analyzed, suggesting the presence of an internal topogenic element that is capable of translocating Rot1 to the ER. To identify this sequence, we generated a combination of N- and C-terminal deletion mutants of Rot1 and we investigated their insertion into the membrane. The results show that two regions, amino acids 26–60 and 200–228, are involved in the post-translational translocation of Rot1 across the ER membrane.
Juanes, M. A., Martínez-garay, C. A., Igual, J. C., & Bañó, M. C. (2010). Targeting and membrane insertion into the endoplasmic reticulum membrane of Saccharomyces cerevisiae essential protein Rot1: Membrane insertion of Rot1p. FEMS Yeast Research, 10(6), 639-647. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1567-1364.2010.00653.x