Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is largely linked to poor diet, lack of physical activity/exercise, and being overweight. In the absence of approved pharmaceutical agents, lifestyle modification, encompassing dietary change and increased physical activity/exercise to initiate weight loss, is the recommended therapy for NAFLD. Despite this, the use of lifestyle therapy within clinical settings is lacking with limited guidance available about what it should involve, how it should be delivered, and whether it can be feasibly delivered as part of standard care. This paper highlights the evidence for the use of lifestyle modification in NAFLD. While there is evidence to support use of behavioral strategies to support lifestyle behavior change in other clinical populations, these are yet to be assessed in people with NAFLD. However, there is sufficient evidence to suggest that behavioral intervention targeting diet and physical activity to promote weight loss in general is effective and a number of practical strategies are presented on how this could be achieved.