People with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) have a higher prevalence of pain and a greater risk of falls than their healthy peers. As pain has been associated with an increased risk of falls in older adults, this study investigated the association between pain and falls in people with COPD compared to healthy controls. Data from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing were used to establish an association between pain and falls when modelled with a generalised ordinal logistic regression and adjusted for sex, age, wealth, and education (complete case analysis only; n = 806 COPD, n = 3898 healthy controls). The odds were then converted to the predicted probabilities of falling. The predicted probability of falling for people with COPD was greater across all pain categories than for healthy controls; for COPD with (predicted probability % [95%CI]), no pain was 20% [17 to 25], with mild pain was 28% [18 to 38], with moderate pain was 28% [22 to 34] with severe pain was 39% [30 to 47] and for healthy controls with no pain was 17% [16 to 18], mild pain 22% [18 to 27], moderate pain 25% [20 to 29] and severe pain 27% [20 to 35]. The probability of falling increased across pain categories in individuals with COPD, with the most severe pain category at a nearly 40% probability of falling, indicating a potential interaction between COPD and pain.
|Journal||International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health|
|Publication status||Published - 27 Jun 2023|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Acknowledgments to Alan Batterham for his expertise in the methodological design and statistical analysis. Harrison and Loughran are funded by Harrisons NIHR Advanced Fellowship.
© 2023 by the authors.