The battle of health with environmental evils of Asian countries: promises to keep

Muhammad Imran Qureshi, Noor Ullah Khan, Amran Md Rasli, Khalid Zaman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

51 Citations (Scopus)


The objective of the study is to examine the relationship between environmental indicators and health expenditures in the panel of five selected Asian countries, over the period of 2000–2013. The study used panel cointegration technique for evaluating the nexus between environment and health in the region. The results show that energy demand, forest area, and GDP per unit use of energy have a significant and positive impact on increasing health expenditures in the region. These results have been confirmed by single equation panel cointegration estimators, i.e., fully modified ordinary least squares (FMOLS), dynamic OLS (DOLS), and canonical cointegrating regression (CCR) estimators. In addition, the study used robust least squares regression to confirm the generalizability of the results in Asian context. All these estimators indicate that environmental indicators escalate the health expenditures per capita in a region; therefore, Asian countries should have to upsurge health expenditures for safeguard from environmental evils in a region.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11708-11715
Number of pages8
JournalEnvironmental Science and Pollution Research
Issue number15
Early online date9 Apr 2015
Publication statusPublished - 25 Aug 2015
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.


Dive into the research topics of 'The battle of health with environmental evils of Asian countries: promises to keep'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this