This article aims at providing an account of the social organization of the cigarette counterfeiting business in the People's Republic of China — a business that has been feeding the cigarette black markets around the globe. Specifically, the authors aim to exhibit the scale and nature of cigarette counterfeiting in mainland China, describe the practices and actors in the different phases of the trade, and examine the role of corruption and violence in the particular business. They argue that cigarette counterfeiting is one of the side effects of China's reform and ‘opening up’ policy, and a feature of the country's economic development process.
Shen, A., Antonopoulos, G. A., & von Lampe, K. (2010). `The dragon breathes smoke': cigarette counterfeiting in the People's Republic of China. British Journal of Criminology, 50(2), 239-258. https://doi.org/10.1093/bjc/azp069