The Effect of Textured Insoles on Gait in People with Multiple Sclerosis: An Exploratory Study: Effect of Textured Insoles on Gait in MS

John Dixon, Helen Gamesby, Jonathan Robinson, David Hodgson, Anna Hatton, Rosie Warnett, Keith Rome, Denis Martin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objectives The primary aim of this study was to investigate the immediate effects of textured insoles on balance and gait in people with MS. The secondary aim was to explore any effects after two weeks of wear. Study Design Within-session repeated-measures design with an exploratory follow up period. Setting Hospital gait laboratory Participants Forty-six participants with MS (34 female), age mean (SD) 49 years, who could walk 100m unassisted or using one stick/crutch. Intervention Participants were tested wearing three types of insole in a randomised order: control (smooth insole), texture (Algeos UK Ltd) or texture 2 (CrocsTM 11 ). Participants were then randomly allocated to wear one of the textured insoles for two weeks, after which they were retested. main outcome measures Standing balance (centre of pressure excursions and velocity) was measured with eyes open and closed on a Kistler force platform. Spatio-temporal parameters of gait were measured using a GAITRite system. Results The textured insoles had no significant immediate effects on balance or gait, apart from an increase in anterior-posterior sway range with eyes open in texture 2 (mean difference 4.5 mm, p<0.05). After two weeks, balance was not significantly different, but both textured insoles showed statistically significant effects (p<0.05) on spatio-temporal parameters of gait, with mean stride length increases of 3.5 cm (texture 1) and 5.3 cm (texture 2) when wearing the insoles. Conclusions After two weeks of wear there were improvements to spatio-temporal parameters of gait. However, whether this was a placebo or learning effect is unclear.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)121-122
JournalPhysiotherapy Research International
Volume17
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011

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Gait
Multiple Sclerosis
Textures
texture
Wear of materials
Crutches
Hospital Laboratories
learning
effect
Placebos
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Learning
Pressure
parameter

Cite this

@article{274e483e4fa040c9ae25686b9f28e3ab,
title = "The Effect of Textured Insoles on Gait in People with Multiple Sclerosis: An Exploratory Study: Effect of Textured Insoles on Gait in MS",
abstract = "Objectives The primary aim of this study was to investigate the immediate effects of textured insoles on balance and gait in people with MS. The secondary aim was to explore any effects after two weeks of wear. Study Design Within-session repeated-measures design with an exploratory follow up period. Setting Hospital gait laboratory Participants Forty-six participants with MS (34 female), age mean (SD) 49 years, who could walk 100m unassisted or using one stick/crutch. Intervention Participants were tested wearing three types of insole in a randomised order: control (smooth insole), texture (Algeos UK Ltd) or texture 2 (CrocsTM 11 ). Participants were then randomly allocated to wear one of the textured insoles for two weeks, after which they were retested. main outcome measures Standing balance (centre of pressure excursions and velocity) was measured with eyes open and closed on a Kistler force platform. Spatio-temporal parameters of gait were measured using a GAITRite system. Results The textured insoles had no significant immediate effects on balance or gait, apart from an increase in anterior-posterior sway range with eyes open in texture 2 (mean difference 4.5 mm, p<0.05). After two weeks, balance was not significantly different, but both textured insoles showed statistically significant effects (p<0.05) on spatio-temporal parameters of gait, with mean stride length increases of 3.5 cm (texture 1) and 5.3 cm (texture 2) when wearing the insoles. Conclusions After two weeks of wear there were improvements to spatio-temporal parameters of gait. However, whether this was a placebo or learning effect is unclear.",
author = "John Dixon and Helen Gamesby and Jonathan Robinson and David Hodgson and Anna Hatton and Rosie Warnett and Keith Rome and Denis Martin",
year = "2011",
doi = "10.1002/pri.v17.2",
language = "English",
volume = "17",
pages = "121--122",
journal = "Environmental Quality Management",
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The Effect of Textured Insoles on Gait in People with Multiple Sclerosis: An Exploratory Study : Effect of Textured Insoles on Gait in MS. / Dixon, John; Gamesby, Helen; Robinson, Jonathan; Hodgson, David; Hatton, Anna; Warnett, Rosie; Rome, Keith; Martin, Denis.

In: Physiotherapy Research International, Vol. 17, No. 2, 2011, p. 121-122.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - The Effect of Textured Insoles on Gait in People with Multiple Sclerosis: An Exploratory Study

T2 - Effect of Textured Insoles on Gait in MS

AU - Dixon, John

AU - Gamesby, Helen

AU - Robinson, Jonathan

AU - Hodgson, David

AU - Hatton, Anna

AU - Warnett, Rosie

AU - Rome, Keith

AU - Martin, Denis

PY - 2011

Y1 - 2011

N2 - Objectives The primary aim of this study was to investigate the immediate effects of textured insoles on balance and gait in people with MS. The secondary aim was to explore any effects after two weeks of wear. Study Design Within-session repeated-measures design with an exploratory follow up period. Setting Hospital gait laboratory Participants Forty-six participants with MS (34 female), age mean (SD) 49 years, who could walk 100m unassisted or using one stick/crutch. Intervention Participants were tested wearing three types of insole in a randomised order: control (smooth insole), texture (Algeos UK Ltd) or texture 2 (CrocsTM 11 ). Participants were then randomly allocated to wear one of the textured insoles for two weeks, after which they were retested. main outcome measures Standing balance (centre of pressure excursions and velocity) was measured with eyes open and closed on a Kistler force platform. Spatio-temporal parameters of gait were measured using a GAITRite system. Results The textured insoles had no significant immediate effects on balance or gait, apart from an increase in anterior-posterior sway range with eyes open in texture 2 (mean difference 4.5 mm, p<0.05). After two weeks, balance was not significantly different, but both textured insoles showed statistically significant effects (p<0.05) on spatio-temporal parameters of gait, with mean stride length increases of 3.5 cm (texture 1) and 5.3 cm (texture 2) when wearing the insoles. Conclusions After two weeks of wear there were improvements to spatio-temporal parameters of gait. However, whether this was a placebo or learning effect is unclear.

AB - Objectives The primary aim of this study was to investigate the immediate effects of textured insoles on balance and gait in people with MS. The secondary aim was to explore any effects after two weeks of wear. Study Design Within-session repeated-measures design with an exploratory follow up period. Setting Hospital gait laboratory Participants Forty-six participants with MS (34 female), age mean (SD) 49 years, who could walk 100m unassisted or using one stick/crutch. Intervention Participants were tested wearing three types of insole in a randomised order: control (smooth insole), texture (Algeos UK Ltd) or texture 2 (CrocsTM 11 ). Participants were then randomly allocated to wear one of the textured insoles for two weeks, after which they were retested. main outcome measures Standing balance (centre of pressure excursions and velocity) was measured with eyes open and closed on a Kistler force platform. Spatio-temporal parameters of gait were measured using a GAITRite system. Results The textured insoles had no significant immediate effects on balance or gait, apart from an increase in anterior-posterior sway range with eyes open in texture 2 (mean difference 4.5 mm, p<0.05). After two weeks, balance was not significantly different, but both textured insoles showed statistically significant effects (p<0.05) on spatio-temporal parameters of gait, with mean stride length increases of 3.5 cm (texture 1) and 5.3 cm (texture 2) when wearing the insoles. Conclusions After two weeks of wear there were improvements to spatio-temporal parameters of gait. However, whether this was a placebo or learning effect is unclear.

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JO - Environmental Quality Management

JF - Environmental Quality Management

SN - 1088-1913

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ER -