Most of the riots that occurred in England throughout modernity were associated with symbolic protests and fuelled by an underlying sense of injustice about specific, objective grievances related to the position of the agrarian or industrial working classes in the socioeconomic and political structure. In the period that stretched from the 1880s to the 1930s, however, it is possible to discern a significant shift in form. Perhaps the most important aspect of this shift was the gradual emergence and development of coherent, unifying political discourses amongst the popular classes (Thompson, 1991). To be specific, the motivation and symbolism that underpinned both protests and riots became increasingly shaped by the related but competing political visions of communism, socialism or Labourite social democracy. These discourses did not incorporate populations en masse, and indeed many individuals remained apolitical or conservative in outlook despite their continued economic exploitation and political marginalization. However, the influence exerted by these discourses was most certainly on the rise and, between the two World Wars, it could be seen at the forefront of most protests and riots.
|Title of host publication||Riot: Unrest and Protest on the Global Stage|
|Place of Publication||Basingstoke|
|Publisher||Palgrave Macmillan Ltd.|
|Number of pages||0|
|Publication status||Published - 2014|
Bibliographical noteFollowing 36 month embargo author may archive post-print.
Hall, S., & Winlow, S. (2014). The English Riots of 2011: Misreading the signs on the road to the society of enemies. In Riot: Unrest and Protest on the Global Stage (pp. 98-115). Palgrave Macmillan Ltd..