The neuromuscular, biochemical, endocrine and mood responses to small-sided games training in professional soccer.

W Sparkes, A Turner, Matthew Weston, Mark Russell, M Johnston, L Kilduff

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    Abstract

    The 24h responses to small-sided games (SSG) soccer training 31 were characterized. 32 Professional soccer players (n=16) performed SSG’s (4vs4 + goalkeepers; 6x7-min, 2-min 33 inter-set recovery) with performance (peak-power output, PPO; jump height, JH), 34 physiological (blood creatine kinase: CK, lactate; salivary testosterone, cortisol), and mood 35 measures collected before (baseline), and after (immediately; 0h, +2h, +24h). For PPO and JH, possibly small-moderate reductions occurred at 0h (-1.1W·kg-1; ±0.9W·kg-136 , -3.2cm; 37 ±1.9cm, respectively), before returning to baseline at +2h (trivial) and declining thereafter (small-moderate effect) at +24h (-0.9W·kg-1; ±0.8W·kg-138 , -2.5cm; ±1.2cm, respectively). Lactate increased at 0h (likely-large; +1.3mmol·L-1; ±0.5mmol·L-139 ), reduced at +2h (likelysmall; -0.5mmol·L-1; ±0.2mmol·L-140 ), and returned to baseline at 24h (trivial). A very-likely small increase in CK occurred at 0h (+97u·L-1; ±28u·L-141 ), persisting for +24h (very-likely small; +94u·L-1; ±49u·L-1). Possibly-small increases in testosterone (+20pg·ml-1; ±29pg·ml-142 ) occurred at 0h, before likely-moderate declines at +2h (-61pg·ml-1; ±21pg·ml-143 ) returning to baseline at +24h (trivial). For cortisol, possibly-small decreases occurred at 0h (-0.09ug·dl-144 ; - ±0.16ug·dl-1), before likely-large decreases at +2h (-0.39ug·dl-1; ±0.12ug·dl-145 ), which persisted for 24h (likely-small; -0.12ug·dl-1; ±0.11ug·dl-146 ). Mood was disturbed by SSG’s at 47 0h (likely-moderate; +13.6AU, ±5.6AU) and +2h (likely-small; +7.9AU; ±5.0AU), before 48 returning to baseline at +24h (trivial). The movement demands of SSG’s result in a bimodal 49 recovery pattern of neuromuscular function and perturbations in physiological responses and 50 mood for up to 24h. Accordingly, when programming soccer training, SSG’s should be 51 periodized throughout the competitive week with submaximal technical/tactical activities.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)2569-2576
    Number of pages8
    JournalJournal of Strength and Conditioning Research
    Volume32
    Issue number9
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2018

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