The neuromuscular, biochemical, endocrine and mood responses to small-sided games training in professional soccer.

W Sparkes, A Turner, Matthew Weston, Mark Russell, M Johnston, L Kilduff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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Abstract

The 24h responses to small-sided games (SSG) soccer training 31 were characterized. 32 Professional soccer players (n=16) performed SSG’s (4vs4 + goalkeepers; 6x7-min, 2-min 33 inter-set recovery) with performance (peak-power output, PPO; jump height, JH), 34 physiological (blood creatine kinase: CK, lactate; salivary testosterone, cortisol), and mood 35 measures collected before (baseline), and after (immediately; 0h, +2h, +24h). For PPO and JH, possibly small-moderate reductions occurred at 0h (-1.1W·kg-1; ±0.9W·kg-136 , -3.2cm; 37 ±1.9cm, respectively), before returning to baseline at +2h (trivial) and declining thereafter (small-moderate effect) at +24h (-0.9W·kg-1; ±0.8W·kg-138 , -2.5cm; ±1.2cm, respectively). Lactate increased at 0h (likely-large; +1.3mmol·L-1; ±0.5mmol·L-139 ), reduced at +2h (likelysmall; -0.5mmol·L-1; ±0.2mmol·L-140 ), and returned to baseline at 24h (trivial). A very-likely small increase in CK occurred at 0h (+97u·L-1; ±28u·L-141 ), persisting for +24h (very-likely small; +94u·L-1; ±49u·L-1). Possibly-small increases in testosterone (+20pg·ml-1; ±29pg·ml-142 ) occurred at 0h, before likely-moderate declines at +2h (-61pg·ml-1; ±21pg·ml-143 ) returning to baseline at +24h (trivial). For cortisol, possibly-small decreases occurred at 0h (-0.09ug·dl-144 ; - ±0.16ug·dl-1), before likely-large decreases at +2h (-0.39ug·dl-1; ±0.12ug·dl-145 ), which persisted for 24h (likely-small; -0.12ug·dl-1; ±0.11ug·dl-146 ). Mood was disturbed by SSG’s at 47 0h (likely-moderate; +13.6AU, ±5.6AU) and +2h (likely-small; +7.9AU; ±5.0AU), before 48 returning to baseline at +24h (trivial). The movement demands of SSG’s result in a bimodal 49 recovery pattern of neuromuscular function and perturbations in physiological responses and 50 mood for up to 24h. Accordingly, when programming soccer training, SSG’s should be 51 periodized throughout the competitive week with submaximal technical/tactical activities.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2569-2576
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Volume32
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2018

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Soccer
Hydrocortisone
Lactic Acid
Creatine Kinase
Testosterone

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@article{3bb208bcdd91400281131624e90927c2,
title = "The neuromuscular, biochemical, endocrine and mood responses to small-sided games training in professional soccer.",
abstract = "The 24h responses to small-sided games (SSG) soccer training 31 were characterized. 32 Professional soccer players (n=16) performed SSG’s (4vs4 + goalkeepers; 6x7-min, 2-min 33 inter-set recovery) with performance (peak-power output, PPO; jump height, JH), 34 physiological (blood creatine kinase: CK, lactate; salivary testosterone, cortisol), and mood 35 measures collected before (baseline), and after (immediately; 0h, +2h, +24h). For PPO and JH, possibly small-moderate reductions occurred at 0h (-1.1W·kg-1; ±0.9W·kg-136 , -3.2cm; 37 ±1.9cm, respectively), before returning to baseline at +2h (trivial) and declining thereafter (small-moderate effect) at +24h (-0.9W·kg-1; ±0.8W·kg-138 , -2.5cm; ±1.2cm, respectively). Lactate increased at 0h (likely-large; +1.3mmol·L-1; ±0.5mmol·L-139 ), reduced at +2h (likelysmall; -0.5mmol·L-1; ±0.2mmol·L-140 ), and returned to baseline at 24h (trivial). A very-likely small increase in CK occurred at 0h (+97u·L-1; ±28u·L-141 ), persisting for +24h (very-likely small; +94u·L-1; ±49u·L-1). Possibly-small increases in testosterone (+20pg·ml-1; ±29pg·ml-142 ) occurred at 0h, before likely-moderate declines at +2h (-61pg·ml-1; ±21pg·ml-143 ) returning to baseline at +24h (trivial). For cortisol, possibly-small decreases occurred at 0h (-0.09ug·dl-144 ; - ±0.16ug·dl-1), before likely-large decreases at +2h (-0.39ug·dl-1; ±0.12ug·dl-145 ), which persisted for 24h (likely-small; -0.12ug·dl-1; ±0.11ug·dl-146 ). Mood was disturbed by SSG’s at 47 0h (likely-moderate; +13.6AU, ±5.6AU) and +2h (likely-small; +7.9AU; ±5.0AU), before 48 returning to baseline at +24h (trivial). The movement demands of SSG’s result in a bimodal 49 recovery pattern of neuromuscular function and perturbations in physiological responses and 50 mood for up to 24h. Accordingly, when programming soccer training, SSG’s should be 51 periodized throughout the competitive week with submaximal technical/tactical activities.",
author = "W Sparkes and A Turner and Matthew Weston and Mark Russell and M Johnston and L Kilduff",
year = "2018",
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language = "English",
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pages = "2569--2576",
journal = "Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research",
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The neuromuscular, biochemical, endocrine and mood responses to small-sided games training in professional soccer. / Sparkes, W; Turner, A; Weston, Matthew; Russell, Mark; Johnston, M; Kilduff, L.

In: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, Vol. 32, No. 9, 01.09.2018, p. 2569-2576.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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T1 - The neuromuscular, biochemical, endocrine and mood responses to small-sided games training in professional soccer.

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N2 - The 24h responses to small-sided games (SSG) soccer training 31 were characterized. 32 Professional soccer players (n=16) performed SSG’s (4vs4 + goalkeepers; 6x7-min, 2-min 33 inter-set recovery) with performance (peak-power output, PPO; jump height, JH), 34 physiological (blood creatine kinase: CK, lactate; salivary testosterone, cortisol), and mood 35 measures collected before (baseline), and after (immediately; 0h, +2h, +24h). For PPO and JH, possibly small-moderate reductions occurred at 0h (-1.1W·kg-1; ±0.9W·kg-136 , -3.2cm; 37 ±1.9cm, respectively), before returning to baseline at +2h (trivial) and declining thereafter (small-moderate effect) at +24h (-0.9W·kg-1; ±0.8W·kg-138 , -2.5cm; ±1.2cm, respectively). Lactate increased at 0h (likely-large; +1.3mmol·L-1; ±0.5mmol·L-139 ), reduced at +2h (likelysmall; -0.5mmol·L-1; ±0.2mmol·L-140 ), and returned to baseline at 24h (trivial). A very-likely small increase in CK occurred at 0h (+97u·L-1; ±28u·L-141 ), persisting for +24h (very-likely small; +94u·L-1; ±49u·L-1). Possibly-small increases in testosterone (+20pg·ml-1; ±29pg·ml-142 ) occurred at 0h, before likely-moderate declines at +2h (-61pg·ml-1; ±21pg·ml-143 ) returning to baseline at +24h (trivial). For cortisol, possibly-small decreases occurred at 0h (-0.09ug·dl-144 ; - ±0.16ug·dl-1), before likely-large decreases at +2h (-0.39ug·dl-1; ±0.12ug·dl-145 ), which persisted for 24h (likely-small; -0.12ug·dl-1; ±0.11ug·dl-146 ). Mood was disturbed by SSG’s at 47 0h (likely-moderate; +13.6AU, ±5.6AU) and +2h (likely-small; +7.9AU; ±5.0AU), before 48 returning to baseline at +24h (trivial). The movement demands of SSG’s result in a bimodal 49 recovery pattern of neuromuscular function and perturbations in physiological responses and 50 mood for up to 24h. Accordingly, when programming soccer training, SSG’s should be 51 periodized throughout the competitive week with submaximal technical/tactical activities.

AB - The 24h responses to small-sided games (SSG) soccer training 31 were characterized. 32 Professional soccer players (n=16) performed SSG’s (4vs4 + goalkeepers; 6x7-min, 2-min 33 inter-set recovery) with performance (peak-power output, PPO; jump height, JH), 34 physiological (blood creatine kinase: CK, lactate; salivary testosterone, cortisol), and mood 35 measures collected before (baseline), and after (immediately; 0h, +2h, +24h). For PPO and JH, possibly small-moderate reductions occurred at 0h (-1.1W·kg-1; ±0.9W·kg-136 , -3.2cm; 37 ±1.9cm, respectively), before returning to baseline at +2h (trivial) and declining thereafter (small-moderate effect) at +24h (-0.9W·kg-1; ±0.8W·kg-138 , -2.5cm; ±1.2cm, respectively). Lactate increased at 0h (likely-large; +1.3mmol·L-1; ±0.5mmol·L-139 ), reduced at +2h (likelysmall; -0.5mmol·L-1; ±0.2mmol·L-140 ), and returned to baseline at 24h (trivial). A very-likely small increase in CK occurred at 0h (+97u·L-1; ±28u·L-141 ), persisting for +24h (very-likely small; +94u·L-1; ±49u·L-1). Possibly-small increases in testosterone (+20pg·ml-1; ±29pg·ml-142 ) occurred at 0h, before likely-moderate declines at +2h (-61pg·ml-1; ±21pg·ml-143 ) returning to baseline at +24h (trivial). For cortisol, possibly-small decreases occurred at 0h (-0.09ug·dl-144 ; - ±0.16ug·dl-1), before likely-large decreases at +2h (-0.39ug·dl-1; ±0.12ug·dl-145 ), which persisted for 24h (likely-small; -0.12ug·dl-1; ±0.11ug·dl-146 ). Mood was disturbed by SSG’s at 47 0h (likely-moderate; +13.6AU, ±5.6AU) and +2h (likely-small; +7.9AU; ±5.0AU), before 48 returning to baseline at +24h (trivial). The movement demands of SSG’s result in a bimodal 49 recovery pattern of neuromuscular function and perturbations in physiological responses and 50 mood for up to 24h. Accordingly, when programming soccer training, SSG’s should be 51 periodized throughout the competitive week with submaximal technical/tactical activities.

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