The relatively short history of tourism research is characterized by an ongoing debate on whether tourism is an independent academic field or an independent field of research with sole characteristics. In scientific research, tourism has been approached by different disciplines using different theoretical backgrounds and methods. That could conclude that tourism, lacking its theory and method, is merely a research object. This study is formulating the overall theoretical development of tourism research. For this purpose, two reputed databases, web of science and Scopus, are select to review the literature. Quality assessment criteria of inclusion and exclusion are followed by PRISMA statement 2015 for better results. The final 47 studies are selected after the comprehensive process. The classification of literature is a critical phase, and theories are used in tourism research are discussed in detail, and social exchange theory, theory of planned behavior, and tourism theories are more commonly discussed in the literature. The bibliometric analysis is done to find the collaborations on citations and co-occurrence of the author's keyword in the literature used. Finally, the study's findings show that tourism research is about the theories that are the focus of the literature. The surfacing of the literature is strongly recommended that the tourism research is individual discipline.
|Translated title of the contribution||Tourism research is an academic field or a multidisciplinary subject, a systematic literature review on theoretical development in tourism research|
|Journal||Estudios de Economia Aplicada|
|Publication status||Published - 14 Oct 2021|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
However, the development of behavior towards tourism in the research is supported by the theoretical background (Moghavvemi, Woosnam, Paramanathan, Musa, & Hamzah, 2017). Many different theories are developed to measure and investigate the involvement of the stakeholders in tourism behavior. Theoretical development in tourism is an integral part of tourism researchers, and many theories are developed over the years (Shariff & Abidin, 2013). Furthermore, despite the significant attention paid by tourism academics and practitioners to tourism development in recent years, many tourism researchers believe that tourism development has not enough theoretical support for the tourism behavior of the residents, tourists, and other essential players within the tourism destinations (Sharpley, 2000).
© 2021 Estudios de Economia Aplicada. All rights reserved.