Towards efficient crude oil degradation by a mixed bacterial consortium

Pattanathu Rahman, J. Thahira-Rahman, P. Lakshmanaperumalsamy, I. M. Banat

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    Abstract

    A laboratory study was undertaken to assess the optimal conditions for biodegradation of Bombay High (BH) crude oil. Among 130 oil degrading bacterial cultures isolated from oil contaminated soil samples, Micrococcus sp. GS2-22, Corynebacterium sp. GS5-66, Flavobacterium sp. DS5-73, Bacillus sp. DS6-86 and Pseudomonas sp. DS10-129 were selected for the study based on the efficiency of crude oil utilisation. A mixed bacterial consortium prepared using the above strains was also used. Individual bacterial cultures showed less growth and degradation than did the mixed bacterial consortium. At 1% crude oil concentration, the mixed bacterial consortium degraded a maximum of 78% of BH crude oil. This was followed by 66% by Pseudomonas sp. DS10-129, 59% by Bacillus sp. DS6-86, 49% by Micrococcus sp. GS2-22, 43% by Corynebacterium sp. GS5-66 and 41% by Flavobacterium sp. DS5-73. The percentage of degradation by the mixed bacterial consortium decreased from 78% to 52% as the concentration of crude oil was increased from 1% to 10%. Temperature of 30 °C and pH 7.5 were found to be optima for maximum biodegradation.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)257-261
    Number of pages5
    JournalBioresource Technology
    Volume85
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2002

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  • Cite this

    Rahman, P., Thahira-Rahman, J., Lakshmanaperumalsamy, P., & Banat, I. M. (2002). Towards efficient crude oil degradation by a mixed bacterial consortium. Bioresource Technology, 85(3), 257-261. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0960-8524(02)00119-0