Transformability in post-earthquake houses: towards a more sustainable design approach in Iran

M. Parva, K. Dola, Farzad Rahimian

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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Abstract

Earthquake is one of the most calamitous disasters in Iran. The hazards
of
earthquake are always catastrophic not only during the disaster time but also for a long time
after the disaster. Since Iran has particular financial and time constraints, hurriedly made post
-
earthquake emergence shelters often fail in complying with t
he m
inimum needs of the
occupants.
Thereby, such shelters have always been either abandoned or transformed
substantially. Since the initial designs are not thoroughly tailored as to address the future‟s
transformational needs, such transformations need com
prehensive replacements in terms of
structure and construction. Regardless of the other issues that could be brought by these
redundant works, they are always associated with an overwhelming waste of resources. In
other words, the carbon
-
footprint of the b
uildings is often increased significantly only due to not
so informed initial decisions by the designers. This study explored the difficulties of the post
-
disaster housing transformations in Lar city, Iran as a real
-
life case of study. This paper reports
t
he needs and difficulties of people for transforming their post
-
earthquake houses. Due to the
particular economic and socio
-
cultural conditions of Iran, the paper proposes to integrate
“short
-
term” and “long
-
term” housing reconstruction models in order to
help the victims have
basic but transformable houses immediately after the disaster. In other words, the paper
suggests that the potential transformation must be taken into account during very early design
and construction stages. The paper contributes to
design research and practice and opens new
avenues towards more sustainable design with respect to post
-
earthquake housing projects.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2nd International Conference on Socio-Political and Technological Dimensions of Climate Change, Hotel-Marriott Putrajaya
Publication statusPublished - 2012
Event2nd International Conference on Socio-Political and Technological Dimensions of Climate Change - Putrajaya Marriott Hotel, Putrajaya, Malaysia
Duration: 19 Nov 201221 Nov 2012

Conference

Conference2nd International Conference on Socio-Political and Technological Dimensions of Climate Change
CountryMalaysia
CityPutrajaya
Period19/11/1221/11/12

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    Parva, M., Dola, K., & Rahimian, F. (2012). Transformability in post-earthquake houses: towards a more sustainable design approach in Iran. In 2nd International Conference on Socio-Political and Technological Dimensions of Climate Change, Hotel-Marriott Putrajaya