MEMS capacitive accelerometer for the Internet of Things (IoT) applications is designed with open-loop structure rather than closed-loop structure to achieve low power consumption. In the open-loop structure, voltage control readout technique is preferred for low cost. However, the voltage control readout technique suffers from low dynamic range and low power efficiency (in terms of FoM ). In this paper, the voltage control ratiometric (VCR) readout technique is proposed to improve both dynamic range and power efficiency. The VCR readout technique is demonstrated in a readout circuit fabricated in a commercial 0.18um 1.8V/5.0V CMOS process. Compared to the traditional voltage readout circuit fabricated with the same CMOS process and tested with the same sensing element, the VCR readout circuit improves full input signal range by 3.5dB (from ±8g±8g to ±12g±12g ) and the noise floor by 9.5dB (from 804μg/Hz−−−√ to 270μg/Hz−−−√ ). As a result, the dynamic range is improved by 13.0dB (from 44.0dB to 57.0dB ), the FoM1 is improved from 310pJ to 83pJ and the FoM2 is improved from 1977μW⋅μg/Hz to 796μW⋅μg/Hz .
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems I: Regular Papers|
|Early online date||5 Sep 2022|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Dec 2022|