Web crippling design of modular construction optimised beams under ETF loading

Kajaharan Thirunavukkarasu, Elilarasi Kanthasamy, Perampalam Gatheeshgar, Keerthan Poologanathan, Sreekanta Das, Shaun Todhunter, Thadshajini Suntharalingam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


In recent times, modular construction is considered as one of the most effective construction methods. It is necessary to understand the structural behaviour of modular construction elements for possible improvements. Modular Construction Optimised (MCO) beam is one of the innovative profiles and can be categorised into hollow flange Cold-Formed Steel (CFS) sections. The hollow flanges encourage bending stiffness and flexural performance, in contrast, slender web causes web crippling failure as these members are often subjected to concentrated loads and reactions. Even though research studies regarding MCO beams are very limited, the structural performance of other types of hollow flange beams has been covered in previous studies. However, to date, web crippling behaviour of MCO beams is still unknown and should be investigated to enhance the commercial aspects of MCO beams as this is an innovative section in the modular construction area. To address this research gap, this paper investigates the web crippling capacity of MCO beams under End-Two-Flange (ETF) load case with flanges unfastened to support condition using numerical analysis. Numerical models were developed and validated against the web crippling test results of hollow flange beams available in the literature. Subsequently, parametric numerical analysis (162 models) was conducted for MCO beams with varying key controlling parameters on web crippling capacity. The web crippling capacities of MCO beams were compared with existing codified (AISI S100, AS/NZ 4600) predictive equations and new design equations were developed to accurately predict the web crippling capacity of MCO beam under ETF load case with flanges unfastened condition.

Original languageEnglish
Article number103072
JournalJournal of Building Engineering
Publication statusPublished - 5 Aug 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors would like to acknowledge Northumbria University and University of Jaffna for immense support to conduct this research project.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Elsevier Ltd


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